The excavations and investigations that are being carried out by the Andalusian Center of Iberian Archeology (CAAI) of the University of Jaén in the field of the South Gate of the Ibero Oppidum of Puente Tablas (Jaén), they bear fruit again.
On this occasion, in the excavations carried out in this sector, a stele of a goddess from the Iberian pantheon has been discovered that yields unknown data so far regarding the religious rituals of the Iberian people. In the development of archaeological surveys, a carved stela was obtained, which showed two arms with open hands on the belly and remains of a possible belt, although the piece does not preserve the face or other figurative elements.
But nevertheless, Arturo Ruiz, director of CAAI, states that the stele represents, albeit schematically, the figure of a female divinity. “We have found a stela of a divinity, possibly female and dedicated to fertility, which was broken and lying in front of the door, but the place where it had its original position was very well preserved”Says the archaeologist.
Further, remains of the performance of a sacrificial ritual have been documented of a group of thirteen domestic pigs and three goats, probably in the case of sows of pregnant females, as confirmed by Dr. Riquelme, from the University of Granada, buried under a stone cist, in which two were later placed jaws also bristle, which were covered with two large cubic stones. It could be about a foundation ritual offered to the divinity depicted on the stone.
At the same time, it has been found that the door, where the remains have been found, faces east, coinciding with the sunrise at the equinoxes, at which time, in its day, light would pass through the door illuminating the image of divinity.
“We have observed how the sun rises, passes right through the center of the door, and its light reaches the goddess starting at the head and ending at the feet. Then, the door itself causes the shadow to fall, so in half an hour we have witnessed the appearance and disappearance of the goddess", it states Arturo ruiz.
This type of Iberian ritesApparently, they were regularly reproduced in different enclaves of the Mediterranean, as explained by the director of the Andalusian Center for Iberian Archeology. Thus in countries such as Italy or Greece, as well as in other parts of the peninsula, such as the Santuario Ibero de Castellar (in the same Jaén), these types of rituals and religious manifestations were common. “We must not forget the existing relationship with the Iberians throughout the Phoenician worldRuíz points out.
The discovery will allow to know new data on the Iberian religious world and how it was influenced by phoenician culture, one of the most notable and representative of the Mediterranean world.
Since Network HistoryWe want to offer our congratulations to the team and we encourage them to keep going. We will be attentive to possible new discoveries to be made in the next phases of the project, to bring you all the possible information about one of the first towns that settled in the east and south of our peninsula.