The royal cemetery in Meidum developed from Continuous form for at least until the end of the New kingdom, at the end of the second millennium BC, as determined by Dr. Teodozja Rzeuska, an archaeologist at the PAS Institute of Mediterranean and Oriental Culture. Until now, Egyptologists believed that the dead had been buried only in the time of the pyramid builders, in the third millennium BC.
The archaeological site of Meidum It represents the southern edge of the most famous necropolis in the ancient world, lto the necropolis of Memphis, which includes the great pyramids built by the pharaohs Cheops and Khafre.
“Scientists associate Meidum with a fine relief of a mastaba depicting geese with an ancient mummy found in the Nefer mastaba and with sculptures depicting relatives of Pharaoh Snefru (4th Dynasty, XXVII century BC). The necropolis is considered one of the most recognized in Egypt, but paradoxically it is also one of the least known and most mysterious"Says the doctor Teodozja Rzeuska.
One of the first scientists to organize regular excavations in the late 19th and early 20th centuries was British archaeologist W.F.M. Petrie, pioneer and father of Egyptian archeology. At the end of the 1920s, the American researcher Alan Rowe carried out a small excavation in Meidum. The last archaeologist to conduct excavations at the site was Aly El-Khyli. 40 years have passed since then.
“The results of the numerous scientific expeditions helped to formulate theses, which in a short time became a dogma that stated that in Meidum the dead had been buried only at the beginning of the fourth dynasty. Shortly after the area had to be abandoned for the benefit of other parts of the Memphis necropolis, such as Dahshur and Giza", He says Rzeuska.
According to the research, many modern scientists were faced with the problem of dating the necropolis uncritically. All tombs and monuments are automatically dated to the early Old Kingdom.
Dr. Teodozja Rzeuska decided closely follow the publications on monuments in numerous scientific articles, especially ceramics. Preliminary work has already yielded a surprising result.
“It turned out that the Meidum necropolis had not only been abandoned during the early Old Kingdom, but had been developing continuously for some 1,500 years, at least until the end of the New Kingdom.”, explains the researcher.
Rzeuska bases his research on the original historical topography of Meidum, nearly 100 years of documented research done by W.F.M. Pietri and Alan Rowe. The research was made possible by the KWERENDA program guarantee received from the Polish Science Foundation.
The final result of the analysis is the publication of a case study in English, dedicated to the historical topography of the royal necropolis of Meidum, which will be revealed when the project ends.
Graduated in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication, since I was little I have been attracted to the world of information and audiovisual production. Passion for informing and being informed of what is happening in every corner of the planet. Likewise, I am pleased to be part of the creation of an audiovisual product that will later entertain or inform people. My interests include cinema, photography, the environment and, above all, history. I consider it essential to know the origin of things to know where we come from and where we are going. Special interest in curiosities, mysteries and anecdotal events in our history.