A team of archaeologists who have sampled the soil in a park on the island have found a lot of pottery from the American natives, but no sign of the Spanish mission of 400 years ago which was at the southern tip of the island.
Professor Keith Ashley of the University of North Florida and Brunswick archaeologist Fred Cook believe the site was near what is now Neptuno Parkand the commercial town at the southernmost tip of the island.
The Spanish settled in and built Santa Cruz and San Buenaventura de Guadalaquini in San Simons in 1606 and they moved in 1684 to Black Hammock Island, near Jacksonville.
Hoping to find some evidence, the archaeological team is digging holes between 50 and 60 centimeters deep and 50 centimeters in diameter in a network of sampling points of about 20 meters.
Cook, whose earlier discoveries on the island include pottery shards from the Swift Creek Indians, says the land near the lighthouse and Neptune Park was probably better because of its depth, a deep natural channel next to the beach "where could they have left the ships”.
But this also means that the current could have eroded the reservoir and carried away the artifactssays Cook. 'Mission locations were highly concentrated places with lots of pottery”Says Cook. Expect to find a large number of Indian pottery mixed with a minor amount of Spanish pottery, Cook says.
“They are generally pieces of olive pots (a multi-purpose glass) and a small amount of articles from the Spanish table.", it states. Ashley says the team will resume their excavation today.
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