New archaeological evidence suggests that America was first discovered by the people of Europe in the Stone Age, some 10,000 years before that the original ancestors of Siberia gave rise to the American Indians in the New World.
A remarkable number of european style stone tools, dating between 19,000 and 26,000 years old, have been discovered at six locations along the east coast of the United States. Three of the sites are on the Delmarva Peninsula in Maryland and have been discovered by archaeologist Darrin Lowery of the University of Delaware. One is in Pennsylvania and one is in Virginia. A sixth has been discovered by scallop fishermen at the bottom of the sea, 60 miles off the coast of Virginia in what, in prehistoric times, would have been mainland.
The new discoveries are among the most important of the last decades and help to greatly increase our understanding of the spread of humanity around the world.
The similarity of stone tool technology between the late east coast of the United States and Stone Age Europe, they have been appreciated previously. However, the style of American and European tools discovered earlier than those found recently and found at sites on the east coast of the United States, date to around 15,000 years, long after the Age of Europeans. Stone (the Solutrean culture of France and Iberia), they would have stopped making these artifacts.
Most archaeologists have therefore rejected a possibility of connection. But the new findings recently found are located, as we mentioned, between about 26,000 and 19,000 years ago, therefore they are practically equal to materials found in western Europe.
What's more, last year's chemical analysis of a European-style stone knife found in Virginia in 1971 revealed that it was made from a flint of French origin.
Professor Denis Standford of the Smithsonian in Washington DC and Professor Bruce Bradley of the University of Exeter, archaeologists who have analyzed all the evidence, propose that Stone Age people from western Europe migrated to North America during the Ice Age, travelingacross the ice and / or by boat) along the edge of the frozen part of the Atlantic. They are presenting all the detailed evidence in a new book (“Across the atlantic”) That was published this month.
During the heyday of the ice age, about three million square meters of the North Atlantic were covered with a large layer of ice for the rest of the year. However, the seasonal change in the area where the ice ended and the open ocean began would have been rich in food resources such as migratory seals, water birds, fish, penguins and other species from the northern hemisphere area.
Stanford and Bradley have long argued that during the Stone ageHumans were capable of making 1,500-mile journeys across the Atlantic ice, but until now there was little evidence to support this idea.
But the new material found in Maryland, Virginia and other places on the east coast of the United States, added to the chemical tests of the Virginia flint knife, have transformed the situation. Now archaeologists are beginning to investigate a half dozen sites in Tennessee, Maryland and even Texas, and it is hoped that more evidence will be found at these locations.
Another key argument put forward by Stanford and Bradley is the complete absence of human activity in northeastern Siberia and Alaska about 15,500 years ago. If the remains of Maryland and others from the east coast showed that people would have come between 26,000 and 19,000 years ago from Asia and not Europe, the materials, dating back 19,000 years, would have been found in these two northern areas, but still they have not been found.
While the Solutrean Europeans of Europe may have been the first Americans, they were at a greater disadvantage compared to Indians originating from Asia who entered the New World through the Bering Strait along the Aleutian Islands chain, about 15,500 years ago.
Considering that solutrenses They had only had an existence of about 4,500 years in the Ice Age to carry out their migration, the native Indians of Asia had about 15,000 years to do so. Furthermore, the last two-thirds of that 15 long millennium period were climatologically much more favorable, and substantially more Asians were able to emigrate.
As a result of these factors, the solutrenses (of European origin) Native Americans, were partially absorbed by the newcomers or were systematically erased by them, either physically or through resource competition.
Some genetic characteristics of the Stone Age in Western Europe They do not exist in Northeast Asia, but they do exist in small numbers in American Indian groups. Scientific tests on ancient DNA extracted from 8,000-year-old skeletons in Florida have revealed a high level of what is likely a genetic mark of European origin. There are also a small number of isolated Native American groups whose languages appear to be unrelated to the Asian origin of the American Indians.
However, the largest amount of evidence is likely to come from under the sea, as many of the areas where the Solutreans could have descended from the ice to the mainland are now 100 miles out to sea.
The submarine deposit that has been identifiedthanks to scallop dredgers), is ready to be examined in greater detail this summer, whether by extreme deep divers or by remotely operated mini-submarines equipped with cameras and grab arms.
Source: Belfast Telegraph
With a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication, since I was a child I have been attracted to the world of information and audiovisual production. Passion for informing and being informed of what is happening in every corner of the planet. Likewise, I am pleased to be part of the creation of an audiovisual product that will later entertain or inform people. My interests include cinema, photography, the environment and, above all, history. I consider it essential to know the origin of things to know where we come from and where we are going. Special interest in curiosities, mysteries and anecdotal events in our history.