The huge (literally 777 cm x 349 cm), Picasso masterpiece, the "Guernica”, Has lived an itinerant life since in its beginnings it was exhibited with great success in the Spanish pavilion of the 1937 World's Fair in Paris, and then left the country to settle in the New York Museum of Modern Art until democracy returned, as the artist had requested.
In 1974, Iranian artist Tony Shafrazi wrote the phrase “kill lies all” on the painting in red paint, as a protest against the North American intervention in Vietnam. Already in 1981, the work returned to Spain to settle in the Casón del Buen Retiro, until in 1992 it went to Reina Sofia Museum to be part of its permanent exhibition.
All this movement has left the mural in a delicate condition, to the extent that the curators of the Reina Sofía They are usually reluctant to move you at all, not even to their conservation lab.
In this context, the conservatives together with experts and with the support of Telefónica, worked together to find a technological solution to the problem and the result is a robot that moves along a large platform, which takes pictures from infrared to ultraviolet and reveals details of their conditions at the microscopic level.
The robot also has a nickname: "Pablito", in a loving way and as a way of winking to the great artist who created puncture, as well as being an ironic reference to its great immensity. Every day that the museum closes its doors, "Pablito" is dragged and placed within a meter of the painting to start working through the night.
“At night, the 9-meter-long and 5-meter-high 1.5-tonne structure is set in motion and carefully and painstakingly explores the artwork, slowly creating a photographic complication as if it were DNA.”.
“It can be programmed to move closer or further away from the paint as needed and has a precision of movement of 25 microns, or 25 thousandths of a millimeter, allowing analysts to see even air bubbles and scratches undetectable to the eye. human”.
“It will give us unknown information about the painting”, Expressed Humberto Duran, the restoration computer technician who presided over the design of this project.
Until now, the state of Guernica is stable and it does not require intervention, although the periodic explorations of the robot "Pablito" will ensure that any deterioration or conservation problems detected can be addressed when they are still small problems.
Source: Fox News
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