83 mummified animals found in Egypt

83 mummified animals found in Egypt

The archaeologists who carry the Abydos Voluntary North Zone Project, in Egypthave had a very fruitful digging session: they have found 83 mummified animals, most of them dogs, buried tightly in a chamber of a monumental structure bearing inscriptions that refer to the pharaoh Seti I (reigned between 1290 - 1279 BC.).

The mummies They are of more recent origin, about 2,000 years ago and many of them have lost their linen wrapping. Experts believe that dogs, cats, sheep and goats were euthanized and buried in a nearby tomb that has yet to be discovered and moved randomly when thieves broke into the grave later in ancient times.

Abydos was an important sacred site for the first kings of Egypt. According to the Egyptian religion, Osiris he was buried in Abydos after his brother killed him. A temple to Osiris was built in the area and annual processions in his honor carried a statue of Osiris from the temple to his tomb when processions were held at night. The next day, another procession carried the effigy back to the temple.

Along the centuries additional chapels were built throughout the procession route. One of the most important discoveries made by the archaeological team this past summer was an ancient about 3,600-year-old chapel, built very close to the processional route. This discovery belies the theory of some historians who say that the chapels were getting closer and closer along the processional route, until they began to invade the road. The chapel is both old and narrow.

Another important discovery is a wooden statue of a pharaoh discovered in a chamber next to the mummified animals. Wooden statues of Egyptian royalty are rare. It was discovered covered in mud and termite excrement and the pharaoh could only be identified after the curator restored it. Which pharaoh he is is still unknown, but there is a particularly intriguing possibility.

The proportions of the statue match the proportions of the statues that They date from the 18th dynasty in Egyptian history, about 3,550 - 3,300 years ago, but with one major exception, the waist is especially slim.

This produced an intriguing question:This statue could be a representation of Hatshepsut, the female pharaoh who ruled Egypt about 3,500 years ago? There are no known wooden statues of her, so excavation director Mary-Ann Pouls Wegner examined large stone statues representing her. "Even though she was portrayed as a male in their statues, they often did so by marking a narrower waist as a sign of female physique.”Says Mary-Ann. Also, the contours of the cheeks and chin are sometimes a little more delicate. ¿Could it be her? “I think it is possible”.

In the same monumental building, which has two meter wide walls typical of storage buildings, only the design of the structure is closer to that of a temple, the archaeologists they found a richly decorated tomb of a priest. The tomb contains two groups of ushabti, servants figurines who would work for the deceased in the Hereafter. One group is made of Egyptian earthenware, a non-clay pottery with a vitrified glaze in shades of blue and green. There are 58 crockery workers and 6 supervisors. The second group is less elegant, but contains little evidence of the social history of life in ancient Egypt.

These figures contain fingerprints of children, which suggests that the smallest in Egypt made ushabtis to do the work of the dead in the Hereafter. "Fingerprint analysis could be done with them, they are very sharp and clear”Says Pouls Wegner.

Source: Toronto University

Graduated in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication, since I was little I have been attracted to the world of information and audiovisual production. Passion for informing and being informed of what is happening in every corner of the planet. Likewise, I am pleased to be part of the creation of an audiovisual product that will later entertain or inform people. My interests include cinema, photography, the environment and, above all, history. I consider it essential to know the origin of things to know where we come from and where we are going. Special interest in curiosities, mysteries and anecdotal events in our history.

Video: Egypt Opens Ancient Coffins To Find Perfectly Preserved Mummies. NBC Nightly News