The Neolithic It was a period in which it went from the nomadic economy to the sedentary one, based on agriculture and livestock, and much has been discussed about how it could have come to the Iberian Peninsula.
A study carried out by the Autonomous University of Madrid, the University of Seville and the Higher Council for Scientific Research (CSIC) and other Spanish, Portuguese and American universities, found that they could have reached the two known routes by a third way, and it is from the north of Africa. The study has been published in the journal 'Quaternary Research'.
Until now, two routes had been accepted: one that is identified with the first expansion of the margin of the northern area of the Mediterranean Sea; the second would have been by sea, when they arrived in the Balearic Islands from Cyprus. The new research, however, proposes a third route from North Africa, according to the Neolithic evidences that have been found in the south of the Iberian Peninsula.
As part of the project, the researchers date a series of organic samples from the Neolithic, such as pets, types of cereals grown, which allow establish the Neolithic entry into southern Spain 7,500 years ago, a date similar to that of other areas of the peninsula.
But, despite the coincidence of dates, the material culture of the southern regions is very different from that documented by other Iberian areas, which suggest a phenomenon independent of the rest. Research shows that when the population of the Neolithic arrived, major changes were underway in the climate and ecosystem in and around the western Mediterranean.
The study authors have been able to rebuild the beginnings, which start with the figures from different high-resolution climatic records, both maritime and archaeological, including the substitution of fish species from the North Atlantic, such as cod, while they populated the Mediterranean slope of Malaga (Andalusia) with other species exclusive to the Mediterranean, which can still be found today. The crisis caused by climate change It hit the Neolithic people of the Sahara hard, which, according to previous studies, forced the population to a mass exodus from their settlements.
Research shows that environmental changes They also had repercussions for the people who inhabited the peninsula in the Mesolithic, whose economy was based on hunting, gathering and resources from the sea. The study shows that it is here that the deposits of the most significant pre-Neolithic abandonment are recorded.
The environmental changes are believed to have been those who drove the North African population to cross the Strait of Gibraltar and reach the south of Spain, where they quickly integrated into a way of life focused on production, agriculture and livestock, beginning the beginning of the Neolithic and a new cultural dimension.
Research has identified the origin of the expansion from North Africa in the Oran city (Algeria), From where Neolithic settlers came to the Iberian Peninsula.
Image: Public domain
Graduated in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication, since I was little I have been attracted to the world of information and audiovisual production. Passion for informing and being informed of what is happening in every corner of the planet. Likewise, I am pleased to be part of the creation of an audiovisual product that will later entertain or inform people. My interests include cinema, photography, the environment and, above all, history. I consider it essential to know the origin of things to know where we come from and where we are going. Special interest in curiosities, mysteries and anecdotal events in our history.