To make a brief history of the Templars, we must know its origin and how everything began at the beginning of the first millennium.
Origin of the Templars
In the year 1095, Pope Urban II decided to intervene directly in the Holy Land, calling a crusade with the aim of guaranteeing the safety of the pilgrims to the site, security that was being very doubtful due to the Muslim discontent.
In a maneuver that seems more political than religious, the Byzantine Empire, which had requested support due to the constant Turkish siege, was aided, while at the same time putting an end to many internal struggles in different parts of Europe and united Christians under one banner: the Cross.
After several battles, in 1099 the First crusade he ended up taking Jerusalem, dominated by Baldwin I.
Years later, nine Christian knights commanding Hugo de Payens they began to watch over the safety of the pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land.
Initially they did it alone, but later they were supported and sustained by the king who did not have many resources to protect the roads.
This is the beginning of the history of the Templars.
Creation of the order and its growth
They were given a place to settle near the old solomon's temple and some time later they would end up having the entire complex as the headquarters that would give the order its name.
After many and long ecclesiastical procedures, the order was formally approved by the Church in 1129, at which time its norms and rules were written, after which it progressively experienced a significant increase, both in goods and properties as well as in numbers in its ranks.
This excessive material growth was due to several reasons. A norm approved in 1039 excluded them from jurisprudence, both civil and ecclesiastical, and only the Pope had authority over them.
In addition to the wills and donations they received, there were also the great fortunes of the nobles who became part of the order. The surplus of properties such as farms and amendments was also a strong economic support.
By 1220 it was the most important economic force in Europe and they also had about 30,000 knights, not counting the rest of the order's personnel.
The success of Templars on a moral level, it is closely linked to the deeds they carried out during the rest of Crusades, which gave them worldwide fame.
The loss of holy land It was the beginning of the end of the history of the Templars, added to the misgivings they caused among the higher echelons due to their power and secrecy.
The end of the Templars
Philip IV of France, who was deeply in debt to the Order, began a smear campaign with the aim of acquiring the Templar possessions, so he began to pressure the Pope Clement V.
In 1307, a large number of Templars were arrested, tortured and later burned at the stake. Before executing them, they were forced to confess false crimes and heresies and thus tarnish the image of the entire order.
In 1312 the Pope officially dissolved the Order.
Most of the belongings of the Templars They went to the crowns interested in his disappearance. Most experts agree that it was the greed of some rulers of the time that led to the destruction of the order, and not the supposed acts of heresy.
Image: Atmosphere1 in Stock Photos / Shutterstock
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