The Operation Market Garden it was the largest airborne military operation in contemporary history, occurring in WWII.
September 1944, in full WWII. The fast e Eisenhower's unexpected allied advance after landing in Europe has stopped due to supply problems.
While this is happening, the General MontgomeryEncouraged by recent victories and imagining a morally dejected and retreating enemy, he thinks of striking a blow that will finish off dying Germania.
Supported by other military commands, Come up with a plan to jump behind enemy lines and take over Holland in a massive Allied Airborne Forces operation.
The main objective of the operation was the Dutch bridges, the key points for the mobilization of the axis.
As long as these bridges were held by the paratroopers, the British armored troops would unite them to the city of Arnhem, after which the Allies would have free passage to the East to reach the Ruhr industrial zone, dealing a final blow to Germany and ending the war that same year.
Operation Market Garden
An operation with preparations and troops of the scale of the landing in France in which paratroopers from England, the United States, Ireland, Canada and Poland participated, and the main armored force was made up of the British with the majority of the 2nd Army in command of Brian horrocks.
The operation was supported by almost 9,000 engineers, anticipating the possible destruction of the bridges necessary for the XXX British body arrives in Arnhem. The air resources were even more impressive: some 2,500 aircraft between fighters and transports, 500 gliders and the 1,500 bombers that destroyed the antiaircraft defenses in the days before the attack.
This combination of 2 operations in 1 (Market: Airborne Forces and Garden: Armored Forces) Resulted in the biggest allied defeat on the European war scene, prolonging the German defeat almost 1 year more.
Causes of the failure of Operation Market Garden
The causes of defeat appear to be various, even though British intelligence and its erroneous reports on the state of the German forces were decisive, the bad climate for the support of fighters and air supplies did not help either (it seems that only 10% of the supplies reached their targets).
What was to be an operation of a few days turned into a terrifying week (from September 17 to 25). Initially, the allied forces took several Dutch bridges to the south but some of the main ones further north, among them that of Arnhem, were retaken and defended by an improvised and effective German plan.
Allied armored forces saw their advance slowed and the British and Polish paratroopers alone resisted a constant German siege, but with the bridgehead lost it was only a matter of time before the German tanks regained ground.
And so it happened, when the withdrawal order was given, the operation had already cost a lot of money. The final balance of Allied casualties is close to 10,000 among Americans, British and Poles. The Germans counted more than 3,000.
The result of this operation is a good example of how a combination of bad information they can completely derail a well-laid plan.
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