On March 25, 1911, a tragedy occurred in New York, remembered to this day, known as the fire at Triangle Waist Company, in which 146 women, mainly Jewish and Italian immigrants, died, becoming one of the most important events that promoted the day that is celebrated today, International Women's Day.
Two 14-year-old girls, Rosaria Maltese and Kate Leone, were killed in the fire, while the oldest woman was only 43 years old (Provindenza Panno). All of them had one characteristic in common, they worked in a «sweatshop«, As the factories that exploited their workers, the vast majority in need of work or illegal immigrants, were known, a situation that still persists today even if they are a little more covered.
As features, these sweatshops offered unfavorable working conditions in every sense: they tend to be dangerous jobs or jobs performed in unsanitary conditions, wages well below the minimum and endless hours. It is believed, according to a recent study by the United States Department of Labor, that more than 60% of textile factories in New York and Los Angeles continue to carry out these practices.
This year marks the 100th anniversary of the first declaration of Women's Day, when the International Conference of Socialist Women meeting in Copenhagen decided to declare a Day for them, celebrating it for the first time on March 19 in various countries. But nevertheless, the New York fire prompted a series of changes in US labor law benefiting many women, which enhanced this celebration.
This catastrophe marked a before and after in women's rights, an issue that continues today with gender equality programs, seeking to completely eradicate the gap that exists in all countries between men and women. Y we must continue fighting to make this possible.
After studying History at the University and after many previous tests, Red Historia was born, a project that emerged as a means of dissemination where you can find the most important news of archeology, history and humanities, as well as articles of interest, curiosities and much more. In short, a meeting point for everyone where they can share information and continue learning.